Jainism is not only a religion but way of life. It is art of living. A human being lives with his society and environment. Jain Agamas (Holy Books) are very conscious about preserving environment. Their thoughts surpassed that of modern environmentalists.
Jain Agamas say that a Jeeva (Soul) harms or intend to harm any one out of Raga (Craving) and Dwesha (Aversion). They have gone into the root cause of all violence. The Acharanga Sutra, first Jain Anga Sutra advocates strongly for protecting and preserving environment. It says that Pudhavi (Soil), Jala (Water), Vaau (Air), Vanassai (Vegetations) and even Teu (Fire) are living creatures and should not be destroyed or killed. The Acharanga says that these are violence.
Consumerism promotes craving. It motivates people to consume more and more whether required or not. They have even made it parameter of development. This western doctrine is the root cause of all environmental hazards in modern days. In fact, we are now at the threshold of total collapse due to consumerism culture.
Jain texts emphasize on utility (Upayoga) in place of consume (Upabhoga) rather they tend to worship the nature(Upasana). Consumerism leads to deplition of natural resources that in turn contaminate air, water, soil and other valuable natural resources. Jain texts motivate people for minimul consumption. They emphasize on Tyaga (Sacrifice).
Jain Sharavaka / Shravikas (Laymen) are preached to minimize their Bhoga (Consumerables). Jain Sadhu / Sadhwi (Monks and Nuns) are living with almost no consumables. They do not use vehicles rather travel bear foot. They do not use electricity and any modern amenities. They do not even cook or tell any one to cook for them. They do not pluck flowers and any other green vegetables for any purpose. They do not possess any earthly things. No money, no bank account, no credit cards.
All Jains including Sadhu / Sadhwi and Sharavaka / Shravikas observe Paryushan as their main Parva. They do not even eat green vegetables in those days. Traditionally they do not eat in the night (after sunset).
Jainism and Environment Contd........
Green collar job: Environment friendly way of employment
Jainism and Environment Part 2